White rice and pasta are as bad for the heart as the CANDY study

Eating lots of white rice is just as bad for your heart in the long run as eating lots of sweets, a study has found. Iranian researchers examined the risk of heart disease in people whose diets were high in refined grains compared to whole grains.

They found that those who ate refined grains – processed to give them a finer texture and longer shelf life – were more likely to develop coronary heart disease in middle age.

The study’s lead author, Dr Mohammad Amin Khajavi Gaskarei, said the harm from eating a diet high in these grains was similar to eating lots of junk food.

“A diet that includes consuming a lot of unhealthy, refined grains can be considered similar to consuming a diet high in unhealthy sugars and oils,” he said.

Refined grains are broken down quickly by the body because they have been stripped of fiber, causing blood sugar levels to rise after meals.

Over time, high blood sugar can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart and cause plaque to form in the walls of the arteries.

Whole grains, such as brown rice, oats, and whole-wheat bread, contain the whole grain, while refined grains have been milled, which means they have been ground into flour or semolina.

This is done to extend the shelf life, but means the beans lose essential nutrients in the process. Many crackers, puddings and pastas are also made with refined grains.

The study looked at 1,168 healthy patients and compared them to 1,369 patients with coronary heart disease.

Participants completed a food frequency questionnaire to determine how often they ate whole and refined grains.

A higher intake of refined grains was linked to a higher risk of PCAD, while eating more whole grains led to a reduced risk.

Dr Gaskarei said: “As more and more studies demonstrate an increase in the consumption of refined grains around the world, as well as the impact on overall health, it is important that we find ways to encourage and to educate people about the benefits of eating whole grains.”

The study will be presented at the American College of Cardiology Middle East 2022 along with the 13th Emirates Cardiac Society Congress, in Dubai from October 7-9, 2022.

One person dies every 34 seconds in the United States from heart disease, and it was responsible for one in five deaths in 2020.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease, affecting 20.1 million US adults (more than 7%) age 20 and older.

In 2020, about two in 10 deaths from coronary artery disease occurred in adults under the age of 65.

In the UK, one person dies from coronary heart disease every eight minutes, causing around 66,000 deaths a year.

It kills twice as many women in the UK as breast cancer, and even kills more women before their 75th birthday.

The 2019 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association guidelines on the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease state that all adults should focus on eating whole grains, as well as vegetables, fruits, nuts, sources of protein and fish.

– Daily Mail.uk